Cluster munitions often contain hundreds of smaller explosives, or submunitions, which can cover an area the size of several football pitches. The many submunitions that fail to explode and are left lying around pose the same hazard as landmines. Cluster munitions cause countless innocent victims, often many years after conflict has ceased. Nearly all cluster munitions victims are civilians.
As co-founder of the international Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) PAX has been campaigning for a world free of these horrific weapons for many years. Our lobbying and campaigning contributed to the creation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) in 2008. To this end we worked with states, (international) organizations in the CMC, and cluster munitions survivors. Today we monitor the strict compliance with the treaty, alongside our global campaign to outlaw investment in companies producing these weapons.
PAX's actvivities to ban cluster munitions fall under the topic Humanitarian disarmament. Other programmes within the same topic include:
Peace organisation PAX is one of the leading organisations in the national and international Stop Explosive Investment campaign. PAX and the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) aim to stop investment in cluster munitions producers and call on financial institutions to put an end to these investments. We also call on states to install national legislation prohibiting investment in companies that produce cluster munitions.
PAX is investigating the effect of deploying armed drones on the security of civilians.
Peace organisation PAX works to ban cluster munitions everywhere in the world. Our aim is to ensure strict compliance with the Convention on Cluster Munitions and call on states that have not yet done so to join the treaty. The convention categorically prohibits the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) has been working to achieve a world without Landmines for over 20 years. As an active member, PAX takes part in this campaign to make sure landmines are eradicated for good. We encourage countries to commit themselves to the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT). We encourage states that are already members to strictly implement the treaty
Nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction prohibited by an international treaty. PAX is working to make sure the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons enters into force rapidly, and is signed and ratified by The Netherlands. We do this through public campaigning, political lobbying and publications, including the annual Don't Bank on the Bomb global study on investments in nuclear weapons producers.
PAX works to document the environmental impact of new and ongoing conflicts, and to build better responses in order to reduce threats to public health and environmental risks for civilians.
PAX calls for immediate action to prevent civilian suffering from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas (EWIPA). PAX is co-founder and member of the steering committee of the International Network on Explosive Weapons (INEW).
What are killer robots?
Killer robots are autonomous weapon systems that can select and attack targets without meaningful human control. Which means the weapon system can use lethal force without a direct instruction from a human operator. This is a function that could be applied to various weapon systems, for instance a battle tank, a fighter jet or a ship.
The arms trade can fuel ongoing conflicts and lead to serious human rights violations by repressive regimes and armed groups. Peace organisation PAX works towards stricter and more effective Dutch and international arms transfer controls. Since 2003 it has been an active member of the Control Arms Coalition committed to work towards a strong UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).