After the fall of Saddam Hussein the tension between Sunni and Shia Muslims increased in Iraq. An attack on the Golden al-Askari Mosque, sacred to the Shiites, led to a wave of violence between several communities. The region plunged into yet another serious crisis following the emergence of ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria), which advanced from Syria to Iraq in 2014. Millions of people in and outside Iraq fled from the violence, and thousands of civilians were killed.
In its Kulluna Muwatinum (We are all citizens) programme PAX encourages dialogue, particularly among the youth. Young Iraqis have grown up in a strongly divided country. Very little is know about 'the other' from other communities. By establishing the 'Ambassadors of Citizenship' network PAX is succeeding in bringing communities together. Hundreds of young people are now involved in organizing activities that facilitate dialogue, contact, tolerance and the exchange of ideas.
PAX’s activities in Colombia fall under the topic Community Based Security and Citizens Rights. Other programmes within the same topic include:
This peace programme in the borderlands of South Sudan, Uganda and Kenya uses sports to bring together rivalling groups and break the cycle of violence.
In Lebanon, peace organisation PAX works with local partners on projects focussed on human rights and conflict resolution and on initiatives to mobilize young people for peace and direct peaceful action. Our partners lobby the Lebanese government to change laws and to respect human rights and activate young people for culture and peaceful activism. For instance, they call on the government to repeal legislation on different religious groups and to give Palestinian refugees more rights. On a grassroots level we work on building capacities of local young people from different backgrounds to use culture as a means to deal with violence, war and hatred.
Peace organisation PAX supports the struggle of peaceful activists in Syria to create a democratic Syria in which Syrians of all religious and ethnic backgrounds can live in peace and equality.
PAX has been working in South Sudan since 1994. Our focus is on reinforcing and improving citizen safety.
In South Sudan, peace organisation PAX works with several organisations to strengthen women's leadership skills and to raise their participation in political decision-making and in handling security issues. This programme's long-term objective is to make women's lives safer and to increase their influence on political decision-making.
The PAX programme in Iraq aims to address root causes and patterns of conflict, with a particular focus on the lack of inclusive governance, the lack of inclusive transitional justice and the lack of inclusive human security. Cooperating closely with local civil society and peace-activists, PAX implements projects that seek to build trust between and within communities, facilitate dialogue between policy makers and citizens, promote inclusive citizenship, and enhance gender-sensitivity in the security sector.
PAX has worked in Israel and Palestine since the late 1990s. Therefore, PAX has a strong network among Israeli and Palestinian activists and organisations that share the same goals: the protection of human rights, an end to the occupation of the territories that Israel has held since 1967, and a viable and just peace in the region grounded in International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL). PAX supports local partners in building resilient communities, promoting human security and equality in the political, cultural and social domain, and in fighting the injustices resulting from the protracted occupation.
The Activist Hive brings together knowledge and experiences of activists from different parts of the world who are working for peaceful and just societies. We developed several tools to empower activists and strengthen their capacities in strategy development, effective action and storytelling.
Kuron Peace Village was founded by Bishop Paride Taban to unite the population in the area and set an example of peaceful cohabitation in war-torn South Sudan.
PAX has co-founded a network of organisations and churches in South Sudan, Uganda and Kenya. Pax supports partners in facilitating peace dialogue between rivalling communities and the government to promote peace, security and collaboration.
The project served the need to create a culture, skills and structures of dialogue and reconciliation on the road to a durable transformation of the Ukrainian society and political systems.
The project aims to foster stability in Eastern Ukraine from the bottom up through legitimate and responsive governance and inclusive political and public participation processes at the local level.
Together with fifteen youth leaders we travelled through Ukraine and reflected on political and personal development. The tour was aimed towards skills development to make a change in society based on respect for diversity.
Based on experience in similar conflict areas the goal is to provide Ukrainian authorities and civil society with recommendations on how to facilitate a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Donbas.
In Iraq, peace organisation PAX gave special attention to women in an effort to increase community security. Through this programme, we worked with local partners on several projects. Our objective was to enable women to help organize their own and others’ safety. This programme took place from October 2013 until December 2016.
PAX seeks to improve the security and stability in Ituri (northeastern DRC), by addressing the root causes of conflict and by restoring trust between the local population and the Provincial government. Consortium partners IOM, VNG International and Cordaid support different local authorities, while PAX strengthens local peace- and security committees.
PAX works to involve citizens from all of Kosovo’s communities in the local, national, and international policymaking processes that affect their lives. PAX strives to bring citizens together to address challenges of common interest, such as poor governance, weak rule of law, and the unresolved legacy of violent conflict.
The Human Security Survey (HSS) is a survey methodology developed by PAX which includes a series of complementary activities, including population-based research, community engagement, and advocacy.