PAX has been working in South Sudan since 1994. Our focus is on reinforcing and improving citizen safety.
South Sudan has had a turbulent history. Between 1955 and 1972 and between 1983 and 2005, civil wars raged between the southern rebels and Sudan’s central government. In 2005, Sudan and South Sudan signed a peace treaty called the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. On 9 January 2011, the population in the south of the nation voted in a referendum to separate from Sudan. This meant a formal end to a 50-year civil war. On 9 July 2011, South Sudan became an independent state.
Unfortunately, the peace in South Sudan was short-lived. War crimes and disputes between the various factions of the military, militias and tribes amongst each other had not been resolved, so tensions remained. The lack of political reforms within the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) party resulted in internal conflict and a power struggle between current President Salva Kiir and former Vice-President Riek Machar. This power struggle erupted in a violent war in December 2013. Mediation attempts by the IGAD have thus far not led to peace.
Despite the ongoing tensions, PAX is trying to intensify peace-promoting activities on the ground. We are increasing mutual trust by creating dialogue between local and national governments and communities. Furthermore, we support various reconciliatory and peace processes in South Sudan. By influencing policy we also want to ensure that national and international governments and organisations guarantee the safety and rights of the citizens of South Sudan.
Read recent news about Sudan and South Sudan.
PAX provides technical and financial support for several peace and mediation projects between communities.
In facilitating meetings, public discussion and offering recommendations, we help civilians contribute to human security issues.
We help increase safety in South Sudanese communities by supporting policing of small arms and light weapons and encouraging local protective measures.
We help strengthen local government skills on community (payam) and village (boma) levels. The idea is to enable them to work on peacebuilding and development.