Women, men, boys, and girls all experience and are impacted by violence and armed conflict in different ways. Gendered experiences of injustice, marginalisation and humiliation can be drivers of armed conflict, and armed conflict can have profound impacts on traditional gender roles, norms and attitudes. Power relations shift, from the household level right up to the sphere of national politics and policymaking. PAX acknowledges and responds to these differences and changes in all its programmatic work.
We take an intersectional approach to gender; meaning, we understand that gender is just one identity marker that affects men, women, boys and girls. Other identity markers, such as ethnicity, age, (dis)ability, class, sexual orientation, religion and so forth, intersect with gender to produce multi-layered forms of oppression and discrimination.
In addition to applying gender-sensitive methods, PAX commits itself to adopting a gender transformative approach whereby we seek to challenge harmful gender norms and pursue inclusive peace and security processes. Inclusive peacebuilding means addressing, challenging, and trying to transform the power dynamics and actors which create divisions and exclude certain groups of people.
PAX has a Gender, Peace and Security (GPS) team which assists in mainstreaming gender across the organisation, and supports the development of gender-specific programmes. PAX is signatory to the Dutch National Action Plan (NAP) on Women, Peace and Security and, as well as being a key partner in the process and implementation of the NAP, is part of two 1325 consortia; one in Iraq and one in South Sudan.
The GPS team has managed gender pilot funds since 2017, which provide programmes with the opportunity to create small-scale innovate projects working on gender related issues. There have been gender pilots in Ukraine, South Sudan, Lebanon, Palestine, Srebrenica, Colombia and DRC.