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Civil Society Under Threat

Civil Society Under Threat

15-09-2016 Paramilitary violence in the Cesar mining region 2012-2016

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Violence and threats are an everyday occurrence in Cesar, the Colombian mining region where European energy companies purchase blood coal for our power supply.

This research by PAX shows that in Cesar at least 200 people have become victims of attempted killings and death threats in the past four years. The urgency of this issue is acute. Néstor Iván Martínez, a leader of one of the communities protesting mine expansion, was murdered in the week of this publication.


Dealing with the Past, Natural Resources, Conflict & Human Rights, Colombia